Landscape Contractor / Design Build Maintain

JAN 2016

LC/DBM provides landscape contractors with Educational, Imaginative and Practical information about their business, their employees, their machines and their projects.

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28 LC DBM Manufacturers' websites are a great resource for help with project manage- ment. As an example, Weatherables® by USA Vinyl provides a step by step ap- proach on their website to help find the right fencing materials and estimate cost. This includes a schematic to serve as a guide when plotting out the installation. They advise measuring off the entire area where you want the fence installed and drawing a layout of the area to determine the number of fence panels as well as the number and type of fence posts that you will need. There are three basic post styles: • Line posts are used as the in-between posts • Corner posts are used when there is a 90 degree or right angle turning a corner • End posts are used at the end of runs or for in-between gates Other manufacturers also provide specific gateposts. A few extra tips from this manufacturer: When installing gates, measure your gate after you put it together and add the gate hardware variance to get your inside to inside dimension. And fences can be cut like wood if you end up with a section that is too wide. Before starting, it's important to check that fence footings do not exceed le- gally established property lines. If uncertain, refer to a real estate agent's line plot or consult a professional surveyor. Research local codes for specifications regard- ing frontage locations, allowable fence heights, etc. to determine if a permit is required. And consult with local utility companies for locations of underground cables or pipelines. When working with fence components on the ground, place them on a non- abrasive surface such as a drop cloth to prevent scratching the vinyl. If any cutting is necessary, whether with a power saw or hand saw, use a fine-toothed blade. The level of the ground will sometimes rise and fall along the fence line. Ac- cording to vinyl fence manufacturer CertainTeed, there are two methods for in- stalling a fence on variable terrain. Stepping: The fence rails remain horizontal and the posts are extended to accommodate the change in terrain. Longer end posts will be needed, which can be routed in the field with a drill and saber saw to alter the rail holes. Top, Left: For installing a fence on variable terrain, there are two basic methods: racking and stepping. With racking, the fence rails angle up and down to follow the slopes, which when 10 degrees (a 2" rise in terrain per foot) or more, the rail holes have to be enlarged slightly, and rails and pickets have to be mitered, to allow for the angle. PHOTO: HOMETOWN VINYL Top, Right: With stepping, fence rails remain horizontal and the posts are extended to accommodate the change in terrain. Because of the height change, longer posts are often needed, and their rail holes will have to be altered. Middle, Left: Vinyl fence components can be cut like wood to size. To do so, it is advised to use a power saw with a fine-toothed blade. PHOTO: LANDSCAPE COMMUNICATIONS, INC. Bottom, Left: A suggested hole depth is 30" or down to the frost line. Hole diameters for 5" x 5" posts are approximately 12", and for 4" x 4" posts approximately 10". PHOTO: LITTLE BEAVER

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